Development of internet-capable utility elicitation instruments



Publisher: Society for Medical Decision Making in Cincinnati,OH

Written in English
Published: Pages: 53 Downloads: 978
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Edition Notes

Title on title slide: Development of internet capable instruments for measurement of health preferences and values.

Other titlesDevelopment of internet capable utility elicitation instruments., Development of internet capable instruments for measurement of health preferences and values.
StatementLeslie Lenert.
Series2000 short course syllabus -- SC-15, Short course syllabus 2000 -- SC-15, SC-15
ContributionsLenert, Leslie., Society for Medical Decision Making.
The Physical Object
Pagination53p. :
Number of Pages53
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18817477M

@article{osti_, title = {Formal methods in the development of safety critical software systems}, author = {Williams, L.G.}, abstractNote = {As the use of computers in critical control systems such as aircraft controls, medical instruments, defense systems, missile controls, and nuclear power plants has increased, concern for the safety Cited by: 2. A-I Elicitation. Elicitation is gaining information through direct communication, where one or more of the involved parties is not aware of the specific purpose of the conversation. Elicitation is a planned, systematic process requiring careful preparation. a. Preparation. Always apply elicitation with a specific purpose in mind. “Expert Elicitation of Cost, Performance, and RD&D Budgets for Coal Power with CCS.” Energy Procedia Pugh, Graham, Leon Clarke, Robert Marlay, Page Kyle, Marshall Wise, Haewon McJeon, and Gabriel Chan. “Energy R&D Portfolio Analysis Based on Climate Change Mitigation.” Energy Econom no. 4:   Introduction. Having taught a postgraduate course titled Valuing Health for more than a decade, there is much with which this author can sympathize in Daniel Hausman’s () book of the same name. For instance, the confidence that many within the health policy community have in the ability of the commonly used health state value elicitation instruments, such as the rating scale, the time Cited by: 3.

  Index measures for health-related quality of life (HRQoL) quantify the desirability (utility) of a certain health state. The commonly used generic index measure, e.g. EuroQol: EQ-5D, may underestimate relevant areas of specific diseases, resulting in lower validity. Disease-specific index measures on the other hand combine disease-specificity and quantification of perceived quality on Cited by: The elicitation study for the conditions guided by the theory of planned behavior revealed the following consensus. The major perceived advantage of acting according to the theory-driven statement was the promotion of consumers' self-determination and personal responsibility for their by: The book concludes with a workable--though small--example of a software utility, including all supporting documents from the software development cycle so the reader can see the complete picture. Overall, Beginning Object-Oriented Analysis and Design with C++ covers a lot of ground while putting some fun into the art of software by: 4.   Measurement of health utilities is required for economic evaluations. Few studies have evaluated health utilities for rare conditions; even fewer have incorporated disutility that may be experienced by caregivers. This study aimed to (1) estimate health utilities for three rare conditions currently recommended for newborn screening at the state or federal level, and (2) estimate the Author: Norma-Jean Simon, John Richardson, Ayesha Ahmad, Angela Rose, Eve Wittenberg, Brittany D’Cruz, Lisa.

A mobile application requirement document also called as a product specification document is the groundwork of your enterprise mobile application. It gives an outline of the business logic, enlists the technical details, and also becomes a guide for your development team .   Utility measures: The present analysis employs 3 elicitation methods. Two are multi-attribute utility classification systems providing preferences associated with generic health states (EQ-5D, SF-6D), while the Time-Trade-Off (TTO) directly elicits Cited by: Introduction: Conducting an accurate suicide risk assessment (SRA) is no simple task as there are a number of factors that influence an individual's level of suicidality and his/her willingness to share this information. Therefore, it is imperative that practitioners adopt a systematic approach to conducting and documenting the foreseeability that a patient will commit by: 5. As the incentive properties of elicitation formats related to public and private goods are not the same,9 we contribute to the literature by analysing the effects of alternative elicitation formats used in DCE that are focused on pure public goods. Finally, this study uniquely includes follow‐up questions to examine whether the potentially Cited by:

Development of internet-capable utility elicitation instruments Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book is about elicitation: the facilitation of the quantitative expression of subjective judgement about matters of fact, interacting with subject experts, or about matters of value, interacting with decision makers or stakeholders. It offers an integrated presentation of procedures and processes that allow analysts and experts to think clearly about numbers, particularly the inputs for Format: Hardcover.

Utility Elicitation Using Single-Item Questions Compared with a Computerized Interview Article (PDF Available) in Medical Decision Making 21(2) April with 17 Reads How we measure. The development of the Internet demonstrates that federal support for research, applied at the right place and right time, can be extremely effective.

DARPA's support gave visibility to the work of individual researchers on packet switching and resulted in the development. This Development of internet-capable utility elicitation instruments book is used in an experimental study to elicit individual utility and probability weighting functions for monetary outcomes in the gain and loss domains.

Concave utility functions are obtained for gains and convex utility functions for by: Whether such instruments increase the reliability and validity of utility assessment relative to standard utility elicitation or utilities derived from generic health indexes is uncertain.

Our careful systematic approach is designed to improve the reliability and validity of utility by: This paper presents the requirement elicitation process and techniques used in the development process of an open collaboration and innovation platform – [email protected] which is an experimental.

PDF | On Jan 1,J. Johnson and others published Elicitation Techniques for interviewing | Find, read and cite all the research you Development of internet-capable utility elicitation instruments book on ResearchGate. Pictures were processed using Photoshop (Adobe, Mountain View, CA) for Macintosh computers (Apple Computer, Cupertino, CA) coupled with the text descriptions of each health state.

13, 16 The program was developed using IMPACT, an authoring system designed to allow health professionals to construct multimedia utility survey instruments. 17 All instructions were displayed on the screen.

Before the actual utility elicitation, the subjects underwent an example evaluating the health state of paralysis to become familiar with the prop and the technique.

Statistical analysis We used the SAS statistical software package (SAS Institute, –) for all by: This book makes the case for a systems approach to small-scale community development projects. It looks more specifically at the application of one branch of systems science, called.

A large majority of the submissions (84%) used a choice-based elicitation method to generate utility values, in line with the NICE Methods Guide requirements.

The most common method was the time trade-off, which was used in 54% of by: We describe further development of a multimedia utility elicitation instrument that is highly portable and easily accessible. An earlier version, FLAIR1, introduced features designed for older. Based on a critical review of published cost-utility studies in child health, among the approaches cited for implementing cost-utility analysis in pediatric populations include the explicit development of a generic instrument designed to be applicable across child and adult populations.

The objective of the current study was to develop a multi-attribute measure, the adolescent health utility measure Cited by: 8. literature regarding their project or home-work elicitation. Brophy & Bawden () compared Google as an internet search engine with academic library resources in their study.

Surprisingly, their finding showed that while Google is superior for coverage and accessibility, library systems are superior for quality of.

Abstract. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and internal consistency of measurements of utilities performed with a computer program (iMPACT2) designed for Internet surveys and Internet patient decision-support s: We implemented the Internet Multimedia Preference Assessor Construction Tool, version 2 (iMPACT2) program using the combination of a web Cited by: Using good design and appropriate analysis should allow researchers to account for many of the issues raised above in Recommendations for the design of health-utility data collection during the protocol development for a planned clinical trial.

Health economists who understand the needs of the economic model should be involved in, and able to influence the design of health-utility data collection in Cited by: However, descriptive violations of expected utility bias utility elicitations.

That such biases are effective became clear when systematic discrepancies were found between different utility elicitation methods that, under expected utility, should have yielded identical by: Practical and scientific utility of vignettes.

In addition to the validity considerations discussed above, vignette methodologies offer several advantages in terms of their utility in the development and implementation of a research study.

That is, in comparison to other methodologies, vignettes can be a useful tool for investigating a wide Cited by: Elicitation: The Science and Art of Structuring Judgement (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science Book ) - Kindle edition by Dias, Luis C., Alec Morton, John Quigley, Dias, Luis C., Morton, Alec, Quigley, John.

Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Manufacturer: Springer.

The Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) is a generic multi-attribute, preference-based system for assessing health-related quality of life.

It is widely used overseas as an outcome measure and for estimating quality-adjusted life years. We aimed to estimate a multi-attribute and eight single-attribute utility functions for the HUI3 system based on community preferences in Japan. The utility theory provides multiple elicitation methods.

Two well-known methods are the time trade-off (TTO) and standard gamble (SG),[ 2 ] which work with hypothetical scenarios. To value a suboptimal health state S, in TTO, the interviewee must choose between living his expected lifetime (T1) in the S state or to live shorter (T2 Author: Elisa Salvi, Enea Parimbelli, Silvana Quaglini, Lucia Sacchi.

s, with the desktop computer, and the development of the Internet and digital photography, autophotography has become more popular as a visual methodology in qualitative research (Thomas, ).

Collier and Collier () were pioneers in photographic methods and have written much about this research method. Their widely used book: Visual. most instruments performing utility elicitation in several potentially important ways: (1) the response is measured as the answer to an single-item, open-ended question rather than the result of a “forced choice” or matching task; (2) there is no graphic or verbal feedback on trade-offs; and (3) there is no training of subjects in utility.

Wasserman J, Aday LA, Begley CE, et al. Measuring health state preferences for hemophilia: development of a disease-specific utility instrument. Haemophilia. ; – • Used direct utility elicitation method for obtaining utility weights for males with by: 7.

The first category included studies (n=11) that use HRQOL measures, both generic (eg, EQ-5D) and disease specific, to describe patient health status/QOL and elicit health utilities with the potential use of these utilities in future economic evaluations.9,14–23 The second group comprised studies (n=3) that described the development and/or validation of mapping algorithms between disease-specific Cited by: 8.

This paper reports the results of an experimental parameter-free elicitation and decomposition of decision weights under uncertainty. Assuming cumulative prospect theory, utility functions were elicited for gains and losses at an individual level using the tradeoff by: Voluntary environmental programs (VEPs) have become increasingly popular around the world to address energy efficiency issues that mandatory building codes have not been able to tackle.

Even though the utility of voluntary schemes is widely debated, they have become a de facto reality for many professionals in the building and construction sector. One topic that is neglected, however, in both Cited by: cess is called elicitation in the wider literature of decision analysis, and it is known to be difficult to execute and can be subject to numerous biases.

However, its potential utility and the fact that it is widely advocated in cost risk analysis require that we understand how to do it. Introduction Generic instruments for assessing health-related quality of life may lack the sensitivity to detect changes in health specific to certain conditions, such as dementia.

The Quality of Life in Alzheimer’s Disease (QOL-AD) is a widely used and well-validated condition-specific instrument for assessing health-related quality of life for people living with dementia, but it does not Cited by: 5. Key stakeholders regard generic utility instruments as suitable tools to inform health technology assessment decision-making regarding allocation of resources across competing interventions.

These instruments require a 'descriptor', a 'valuation' and a 'perspective' of the economic by:. Computer-based utility elicitation procedures to administer the TTO have been developed, for example iMPACT3 and U-Titer.

Studies in a range of conditions have used such computer-based programmes to administer a TTO using different procedures [7,9].Cited by: 2.Abstract [Context and motivation] Studies have emphasized the need for effective requirements elicitation owing to its significant impacts on software quality and overall project outcomes to meet system empirical studies in literature present the relationships between the specific characteristics that affect elicitation and project performance that focus on process control and Cited by: 6.The book also elaborates on framing effects and other demonstrations that preferences are constructed in context, and it develops new approaches to the standard view of choice-based utility.

As with the classic volume, Judgment Under Uncertainty, this volume is comprised of papers published in diverse academic journals/5(20).